Ideafinding Techniques

Most important techniques for finding new and/or hidden idea's

Brainstorming

Most important variants of brainstorming

Brainstorming

Sorry, this text is a mashine translation from german...

ArrangementDescription
TargetProduction of mutual Assotiationen
MethodologyIn a discussion or a discussion round during a limited period ideas or key words are thrown in into the round, which are structured following and discussed. The following rules should be considered:
  • All users must bring in their fact knowledge, even if it does not appear relevant for the problem (it can wake associations with others).
  • Incidents of the users may not be reglementiert.
  • Problem orientation goes before solution orientation, because early "shooting in" on a solution makes finding more difficult alternatives.
  • Small consent can also affect promoting bringing new, innovative ideas out.
  • The idea evaluation comes to the session; this serves the idea identification.
  • In hierarchically structured groups with subordinate positions the superior may of him assumed or favored solution not to express, because the others swing otherwise easily instead of being innovative and creative.
  • Quantity goes before quality, because it concerns first to produce ideas.
  • Each attempt of a criticism or a statement during the session is to be avoided or delayed.
  • There is not a non-standard copyright at ideas, but collective, because flag of the brainstorming is taking up and far spiders by ideas. Therefore no participant the result or sections of it can be written on his flag.
NecessarilyModerator
AdvantageSpontaneously, no large preparation can be made necessarily.
DisadvantageAt least two persons necessarily. Moderator must train the discussion, so that results are entered and conflicts are avoided.
ExampleDiscussion manual

Brainwriting

Sorry, this text is a mashine translation from german...

ArrangementDescription
TargetProduction of mutual Assotiationen
MethodologySimilar to brainstorming.Instead of in the Gespaech expressed, the ideas are noted and exchanged among the users.
NecessarilyModerator, paper, evtl. Pin wall
AdvantageSpontaneously, no large preparation can be made necessarily.
DisadvantageAt least two persons necessarily. The rule/methodology are erklaerungsbedurftig. Moderator must train the termination discussion, so that results are entered and conflicts are avoided.
Example

Metaplan or moderation method

Sorry, this text is a mashine translation from german...

ArrangementDescription
TargetProduction of mutual Assotiationen
MethodologyLike Brainwriting. Instead of in the Gespaech expressed, the ideas on small cards are noted and and hung up, structured and completed afterwards.
NecessarilyModerator, paper small card, pin wall
AdvantageSpontaneously, no large preparation can be made necessarily.
DisadvantageAt least two persons necessarily. The rule/methodology are erklaerungsbedurftig. Moderator must train the entire discussion, so that results are entered and conflicts are avoided.
Example

Collective Notebook Method (CNB method)

Sorry, this text is a mashine translation from german...

ArrangementDescription
TargetProduction of mutual Assotiationen
MethodologyLike Brainwriting. Instead of in the Gespaech expressed, the ideas are noted a certain period and exchanged later or discussed among the users
NecessarilyModerator at the time of the termination discussion
Advantage
DisadvantageAt least two persons necessarily.
ExampleInformation market

635 Method

Sorry, this text is a mashine translation from german...

ArrangementDescription
TargetProduction of new ideas
Methodology6 persons write in each case 3 ideas down in 5 minutes and exchange thereafter the ideas in a determined order among themselves out around a further round to begin
NecessarilyAnalysis and classification of the noted ideas
AdvantageQuick and compact results.
DisadvantageAt least six persons necessarily. Idden must be afterwards partially further developed.
Example

Synectics

Sorry, this text is a mashine translation from german...

ArrangementDescription
TargetProduction of mutual Assotiationen
MethodologyAfter an intensive occupation with a problem a spatial or temporal distance of the material takes place. After a certain time interval, in which the Unterbewusstsein processes the problem, a spontaneous solution is to be found by analogy, Assotiation, structure transfer and comparison.
NecessarilyTime or the absence of time pressure
AdvantageArea or topic foreigner idea/analogies is considered.
Disadvantagepossibly long periods necessarily, until first results are there.
Example

Attraction Word Analysis

Sorry, this text is a mashine translation from german...

ArrangementDescription
TargetProduction of mutual Assotiationen
MethodologyAfter an intensive occupation with a problem a spatial or temporal distance of the material takes place. After a certain time interval, in which the Unterbewusstsein processes the problem, a spontaneous solution is to be found by analogy, Assotiation, structure transfer and comparison. Verkuertzt in relation to the synectics the time interval, in which the Unterbewusstsein operates, will become by topic-other attraction word upper pictures, new ideas practically by these lively.
NecessarilyIntensive preparations
AdvantageArea or topic foreigner idea/analogies is considered.
DisadvantageArea or topic foreigner idea/analogies is possibly influenced or limited by the attraction words or pictures.
Example

6-Hut-Thinking

Sorry, this text is a mashine translation from german...

ArrangementDescription
TargetSearch for problem solution beginnings
MethodologySix symbolic hats are available. Each of these hats is for a certain thinking direction or a certain aspect of the problem. They can put one of the hats after desire and mood and make themselves thereby its adjustment too own. Principle of this method is it to take and express successively different points of view:
  • The white hat is for objectivity and neutrality. Information will collected, without to be evaluated. Count only facts and numbers, no emotions and judgements. The personal opinion is perfectly insignificant
  • The red hat is for completely personal feeling and the subjective opinion. All feelings, the positive like the negative, will certified, it can be vague, without having to justify itself
  • The black hat designates all material arguments, which express doubt, doubt, risks, but no negative feelings
  • The yellow hat calls the objective positive characteristics, i.e. chances and pluses, hopes and targets, thus all aspects, which speak for the decision
  • The green hat leads to new ideas. It is for creativity and alternatives and is a symbol beyond the past. It permits provocation and contradiction and can everything formulate, what leads to new ideas, no matter how moved or these ideas may be impracticable. Critical remarks are not permitted
  • The blue hat is for check and organization, i.e. the Traegerin, the carrier of this hat looks from a higher level on the total process, keeps the overview and brings the individual results together
NecessarilyThe "description of hat" (see above)
AdvantageMethod functions also with an individual person.
Disadvantage
Example

Morphologic Boxes

Sorry, this text is a mashine translation from german...

ArrangementDescription
TargetDismantling of problems in sections and their linkage of systematization
MethodologySystematically divided into partial aspects, all developments of the partial aspects will become in a table represented and then systematically combined the problem.
NecessarilyOnly one piece paper
Advantage
Disadvantage
ExampleTable for concerned persons analysis

Morphologic Matrix

Sorry, this text is a mashine translation from german...

ArrangementDescription
TargetDismantling of problems into sections and linkage from partial solutions to the total conception
MethodologyLike morphologic boxes, however continues to specify and reglementiert. The problem is divided systematically into sub-problems. The characteristics of these sub-problems are noted on a page paper. Afterwards from the characteristics and the sub-problem designations a matrix is created, into which one can enter the appropriate features. Subsequently, one looks the solutions up of the sub-problems and combines these to a total conception.
NecessarilyOnly one piece paper
Advantage
Disadvantage
ExampleTable for concerned persons analysis

Concept Mapping

Sorry, this text is a mashine translation from german...

ArrangementDescription
TargetAnalysis of cause effect structures and complex circumstances
MethodologySeveral core thoughts in a Nertwerk from connections pointing the way and multidimensional are visualized.
NecessarilyFlipchart or pin wall
AdvantageMethod functions also with an individual person.
Disadvantage
ExampleConcerned persons analysis with a connections field

Mind Mapping

Sorry, this text is a mashine translation from german...

ArrangementDescription
TargetStructuring and visualization of problem definitions
MethodologyIn which one analyzes a problem with the help of unidirectional connections and hierarchical tree structures and which manufactures connections of the problem sections, one tries a way to find a problem to solve.
NecessarilyFlipchart or pin wall
AdvantageMethod functions also with an individual person.
Disadvantage
ExampleMindmap KickOff meeting

Osborn Method

Sorry, this text is a mashine translation from german...

ArrangementDescription
TargetStructuring and containment of problem definitions
MethodologyThe problem is struktiriert and analyzed, in one tries to find responses to the following questions:
  • For what can I still use it? Can I use it differently?
  • Does the problem refer to other ideas? Is it similar to something different one?
  • What can be modified? Which characteristics can be transformed?
  • Can be increased somewhat, add, to multiply?
  • Can be reduced somewhat, take away, to shorten?
  • What can be replaced? Which conditions can be modified?
  • Can the sequence or structure be modified?
  • Can the idea be turned in the opposite? Can the flow be turned around?
  • Can ideas be combined or persons be connected?
NecessarilyQuestion catalog (see above)
AdvantageMethod functions also with an individual person.
Disadvantage
Example

TILMAG-Method

Sorry, this text is a mashine translation from german...

ArrangementDescription
TargetFormation of analogies and Assotiationen
MethodologyTILMAG means Transformation iof dealer Loesungselemente in Matrizen for the formation of Assoziationen and search of Gemeinsamkeiten. There is a similarity to the synectics, the idea identification is however by the pattern more stukturierter and simpler.
NR.PhaseResult
1 Problem definition Development of ideas in principle
2 Definition of the ideal solution items Listing of the ideal characteristics
3 confrontation in pairs of the Wunschelemte in a matrix Associations to the mating are noted
4 Transfer of the associations on the problem with a ertsen level Listing of the arising ideas
5 Which thing in common exists between two of the associations Creation of a thing in common matrix
6 Idea development from the thing in common matrix Create an idea collection, a listing of the ideas
NecessarilyPattern (see above)
Advantage
Disadvantage
Example

Problem Reversal Method

Sorry, this is a mashine translation from german...

ArrangementDescription
TargetSearch for alternative problem solution ways
MethodologyReformulate your problem into its opposite. Find for this problems (the opposite) proposals for solution. In addition you can itself also the other methods like e.g.. Brainstorming serve. Turn around these ideas again into their opposite and analyze you their negotiability for your actual problem.
Necessarily
AdvantageMethod functions partially also with an individual person.
Disadvantage
Example

TRIZ - theory of the inventive problem solving

Sorry, this is a mashine translation from german...

ArrangementDescription
TargetSystematic search for new solutions (Erfingungssuche)
Methodology TRIZ beduetet "Teorija reschenija isobretatelskich Zadach", on German "theory of the inventive problem solving". TRIZ is to thus say a tool or a building block box, which places different method/methodology/techniques for the solution of problems and ready for the identification of new solutions:
  • 40 ways from the trivial one to the ingenious one.
    Applicable for easy to moderately severe functions
  • System of abstracted Standarloesungen of the invention functions: 5 classes/76 standards, method for the application of the standards.
    Applicable for easy to moderately severe functions
  • ARIZ - algorithm or step procedure for the solution of the invention functions.
    Besinders difficult invention functions
  • Method of the material field structural analysis of technical systems.
    abstracted analysis of technical systems, media for the tools "system of abstracted Standarloesungen of the invention functions" and ARIZ
  • Methods to overcome physical contradictions.
    Tool of ARIZ.
  • Methods to the analysis of system resources.
    Medium for the tools "system of abstracted Standarloesungen of the invention functions" and ARIZ
  • Data base physically, chemically, geometrically and other effects and your applications (e.g. in the technique).
    Medium for the Mehtoden and techniques in TRIZ.
  • Techniques for the increase of innovative thinking and reduction of the thinking inertia: Operator GZK (size time costs), modelling with the help of "small males" among other things.
    Medium for the Mehtoden and techniques in TRIZ.
  • Antizipierende or foresighted error recognition (AFE) in (technical) systems.
    Special method for the analysis and forecast of possible error scenarios.
  • Development laws (technical) of the systems.
    Evaluation prognosis, create from monitoring monitors.
NecessarilyPaper
AdvantageMethod functions partially also with an individual person.
DisadvantageComplex and partially time-intensively
Example

ARIZ - algorithm or step procedure for invention problems

Sorry, this is a mashine translation from german...

ArrangementDescription
TargetSystematic search for new solutions (Erfingungssuche)
Methodology ARIZ is an algorithm or a step procedure for the solution of complex or difficult invention functions. (here in a ziehmlich early Fassumg, sucked. Ariz-61)
  • Analytic phase
    • Define the problem
    • Describe the ideal final result (IER)
    • Define contradictions, which oppose the implementation of the IER
    • Analyze origin and causes of the contradictions
    • Define conditions for the overcoming of the contradictions
  • Operational phase
    • Check all possible modifications of the parameters and technical Charakterisitk
    • Check the possibility of the allocation into unanhaengige subsystems:
      • Isolate a "weak" and/or a "necessary and sufficient" subsystem
      • Divide the object into homogeneous and/or function-differentiated subsystems
    • Check possible modifications in the respective surrounding field of the object and his parameters
      • Arrange the object surrounding field into sections with different characteristics
      • Use the Externalitaeten for the execution of desired functions
    • Check possible modifications of procedures in interaction with the given technique
      • Examine the linkage from before independent technical systems to a functioning total system
      • Remove a procedure and transfer his functions to another
      • Increase the number of simultaneously running process steps (e.g. with a surface by utilization of the free rear side of this surface)
    • Examine examples from other branches of science, technique and economics, how available conflicting aims were solved in other disciplines
    • Turn for output question back and more generally formulates the conditions or changes to one for a more familiar task, if the virangegangenen steps remained without result
  • Synthetic phase
    • Change the shape of the regarded (technical) system
    • Change the other procedures, which are connected with the regarded system
    • Change muddled with the application of the regarded technique
    • Check the application of a found principle for the solution of another (technical) problem
NecessarilyPaper
AdvantageMethod functions partially also with an individual person.
DisadvantageComplex and partially time-intensively
Example

40 ways from the trivial one to the ingenious one

Sorry, this is a mashine translation from german...

ArrangementDescription
TargetSearch for alternative problem solution ways
MethodologyFirst building block of TRIZ.After TRIZ 40 different methods or possibilities for the methodology are defined, which can help systematically thereby (however not to have) from a dead end during a problem solution to come out or a "break-through" to prepare a new idea:

  • Segmenting
      Technical problem: Arrange a system into modules, increase the degree of the partitioning, or lay the object out detachable.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Extraction
      Technical problem: Extract a "disturbing" constituent and regard it separately.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Local optimization
      Technical problem: Over completely of a homogeneous structure of an object to heterogeneous structure/composition. Different sections of the object take over different functions, optimize each constituent for itself.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Asymetrie
      Technical problem: Replace a symmetrical structure by an asymmetrical or increase the degree of the Asymetrie, if it is already asymmetrical.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Combination
      Technical problem: Spatial joining and temporal clocks of individual functions.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Universality
      Technical problem: A system fulfills different functions.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Nesting
      Technical problem: The principle of the Russian dolls: embed an object into another, these if necessary in a third etc....
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Counterweights
      Technical problem: Kompensatiosmechanismen.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Preventing interaction
      Technical problem: Prevent by counter measures an occurring of unwanted effects.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Antizipierte effect
      Technical problem: Create conditions, on which the intended effect or the effect intended occurs.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Precautionary security
      Technical problem: Compensate weak points by counter measures.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Aequipotentialitaet
      Technical problem: Arrange the surrounding field in such a way that the expenditure for the interaction with the object is minimized.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Inversion (function reversal)
      Technical problem: Analyze the effect determined by the problem specification and examine the contrary effect.
      Verallgemeinerung:
      See also: Reversal method.
       
  • Curvature (Nichlinearitaet)
      Technical problem: Where linear items leave themselves by nonlinear erstetzen (e.g. even surfaces by curved, translation movements by rotation); Use from centrifugal energy.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Dynamisierung
      Technical problem: Arrange the object or its environment in such a way that it adjusts automatically in all operating conditions to optimal behavior; divide the object into items, which are to each other mobile and can optimally arrange itself; make a static object mobile, adjustable or exchangeable.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Part or over fulfilment
      Technical problem: If the desired effect can be attained by hundred percent with difficulty, solve the problem by part or over fulfilment with following correction.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Dimension increase
      Technical problem: Go around difficulties of linear arrangements by avoiding in the level, or transition from surface to the Reumgestalt, resolving the simultaneousness by introduction of the temporal dimension; Use of multi-sandwiches instead of single positions; slope the object or brings it in side position.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Vibration
      Technical problem: Shift the object in oscillations, the variriere frequency, the nzutze resonant frequency out.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Periodicity
      Technical problem: Replace similar to by digital processes; use suggestions for pulse in place or in connection with continuous effect on the system; use a tracing; use the parameters of periodic processes
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Continuity
      Technical problem: Eliminate downtimes and empty.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Rate
      Technical problem: Execute process with so high rate that it is final, before side effects can unfold.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • From the NOT to the virtue
      Technical problem: Examine negative or breakdown effects on ranges of application.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Feedback
      Technical problem: Use feedbacks for the optimization of the behavior; if they are available, modify them or turn around it.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Mediation
      Technical problem: Use a mediating Obkejt, in order to transfer or promote the effect; connect the system vorruebergehen with one anderemm one object which can be changed easily.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Self maintenance
      Technical problem: Let the object wait themselves and own auxiliary and repair functions to execute; use material- ones and energy "Abfaelle".
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Copy, visualization
      Technical problem: Use of simple and inexpensive copies in place of a complex, expensive, fragilen or object which can be handled pedantically. Replace an object by an optical copy or an image. Replace visible copies by infrared ones or ultraviolets.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • One-way components
      Technical problem: Replace expensive objects by cheap one-way products.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Substitution of mechanics
      Technical problem: Replacement by optical, acoustic, elektronagnetische and other systems.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Pneumatics and hydraulics
      Technical problem: Replace rigid of constituents of an object by a gas or a liquid.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Flexible diaphragms or thin films
      Technical problem: Replace tradizionelle constructions by thin-film technology.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Por&aumloese materials
      Technical problem: Replace components by porous constituents or add it. If an object is already porous, use the pores with a suitable substance.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Color changes
      Technical problem: Change of the color design of an object or its environment; Utilization of transparency. Use, - back or continuing to glow items for the support of the function.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Homogeneity
      Technical problem: Select sections to main component-cooperate those with one if possible from the same or a similar material.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Rejecting and recovering
      Technical problem: After a section fulfilled its function and is useless, remove or modify it (to reject, resolve, evaporate). Replace directly used up or worn sections.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Changes in status
      Technical problem: Change physical or chemical parameters (temperature, density distribution, viscosity).
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Phasenuebergaegnge
      Technical problem: Use effects, which are based on phase transitions of a material.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Thermal expansion
      Technical problem: Use a material that when heating up expands or pulls together; or different materials with different coefficients of expansion.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Strong Oxidantien
      Technical problem: Treat the object with compressed or oxygen-enriched air, pure oxygen or ozone.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Inert environment
      Technical problem: Isolate the system or embed it into a protected environment. Execute a process in the Vakkum.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Material network
      Technical problem: Replace homogeneous Matierial by a composite material.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Necessarily
    AdvantageMethod functions partially also with an individual person.
    DisadvantageWith combination of the tools complex and partially time-intensively
    Example