40 ways from the trivial one to the ingenious one

Sorry, this is a mashine translation from german...

ArrangementDescription
TargetSearch for alternative problem solution ways
MethodologyFirst building block of TRIZ.After TRIZ 40 different methods or possibilities for the methodology are defined, which can help systematically thereby (however not to have) from a dead end during a problem solution to come out or a "break-through" to prepare a new idea:

  • Segmenting
      Technical problem: Arrange a system into modules, increase the degree of the partitioning, or lay the object out detachable.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Extraction
      Technical problem: Extract a "disturbing" constituent and regard it separately.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Local optimization
      Technical problem: Over completely of a homogeneous structure of an object to heterogeneous structure/composition. Different sections of the object take over different functions, optimize each constituent for itself.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Asymetrie
      Technical problem: Replace a symmetrical structure by an asymmetrical or increase the degree of the Asymetrie, if it is already asymmetrical.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Combination
      Technical problem: Spatial joining and temporal clocks of individual functions.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Universality
      Technical problem: A system fulfills different functions.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Nesting
      Technical problem: The principle of the Russian dolls: embed an object into another, these if necessary in a third etc....
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Counterweights
      Technical problem: Kompensatiosmechanismen.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Preventing interaction
      Technical problem: Prevent by counter measures an occurring of unwanted effects.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Antizipierte effect
      Technical problem: Create conditions, on which the intended effect or the effect intended occurs.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Precautionary security
      Technical problem: Compensate weak points by counter measures.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Aequipotentialitaet
      Technical problem: Arrange the surrounding field in such a way that the expenditure for the interaction with the object is minimized.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Inversion (function reversal)
      Technical problem: Analyze the effect determined by the problem specification and examine the contrary effect.
      Verallgemeinerung:
      See also: Reversal method.
       
  • Curvature (Nichlinearitaet)
      Technical problem: Where linear items leave themselves by nonlinear erstetzen (e.g. even surfaces by curved, translation movements by rotation); Use from centrifugal energy.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Dynamisierung
      Technical problem: Arrange the object or its environment in such a way that it adjusts automatically in all operating conditions to optimal behavior; divide the object into items, which are to each other mobile and can optimally arrange itself; make a static object mobile, adjustable or exchangeable.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Part or over fulfilment
      Technical problem: If the desired effect can be attained by hundred percent with difficulty, solve the problem by part or over fulfilment with following correction.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Dimension increase
      Technical problem: Go around difficulties of linear arrangements by avoiding in the level, or transition from surface to the Reumgestalt, resolving the simultaneousness by introduction of the temporal dimension; Use of multi-sandwiches instead of single positions; slope the object or brings it in side position.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Vibration
      Technical problem: Shift the object in oscillations, the variriere frequency, the nzutze resonant frequency out.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Periodicity
      Technical problem: Replace similar to by digital processes; use suggestions for pulse in place or in connection with continuous effect on the system; use a tracing; use the parameters of periodic processes
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Continuity
      Technical problem: Eliminate downtimes and empty.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Rate
      Technical problem: Execute process with so high rate that it is final, before side effects can unfold.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • From the NOT to the virtue
      Technical problem: Examine negative or breakdown effects on ranges of application.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Feedback
      Technical problem: Use feedbacks for the optimization of the behavior; if they are available, modify them or turn around it.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Mediation
      Technical problem: Use a mediating Obkejt, in order to transfer or promote the effect; connect the system vorruebergehen with one anderemm one object which can be changed easily.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Self maintenance
      Technical problem: Let the object wait themselves and own auxiliary and repair functions to execute; use material- ones and energy "Abfaelle".
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Copy, visualization
      Technical problem: Use of simple and inexpensive copies in place of a complex, expensive, fragilen or object which can be handled pedantically. Replace an object by an optical copy or an image. Replace visible copies by infrared ones or ultraviolets.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • One-way components
      Technical problem: Replace expensive objects by cheap one-way products.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Substitution of mechanics
      Technical problem: Replacement by optical, acoustic, elektronagnetische and other systems.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Pneumatics and hydraulics
      Technical problem: Replace rigid of constituents of an object by a gas or a liquid.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Flexible diaphragms or thin films
      Technical problem: Replace tradizionelle constructions by thin-film technology.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Por&aumloese materials
      Technical problem: Replace components by porous constituents or add it. If an object is already porous, use the pores with a suitable substance.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Color changes
      Technical problem: Change of the color design of an object or its environment; Utilization of transparency. Use, - back or continuing to glow items for the support of the function.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Homogeneity
      Technical problem: Select sections to main component-cooperate those with one if possible from the same or a similar material.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Rejecting and recovering
      Technical problem: After a section fulfilled its function and is useless, remove or modify it (to reject, resolve, evaporate). Replace directly used up or worn sections.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Changes in status
      Technical problem: Change physical or chemical parameters (temperature, density distribution, viscosity).
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Phasenuebergaegnge
      Technical problem: Use effects, which are based on phase transitions of a material.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Thermal expansion
      Technical problem: Use a material that when heating up expands or pulls together; or different materials with different coefficients of expansion.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Strong Oxidantien
      Technical problem: Treat the object with compressed or oxygen-enriched air, pure oxygen or ozone.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Inert environment
      Technical problem: Isolate the system or embed it into a protected environment. Execute a process in the Vakkum.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Material network
      Technical problem: Replace homogeneous Matierial by a composite material.
      Verallgemeinerung:
  • Necessarily
    AdvantageMethod functions partially also with an individual person.
    DisadvantageWith combination of the tools complex and partially time-intensively
    Example