Art (EN)

Here you find a relatively new, in the field of the art sciences unusually mathematical, unusually logical definition for the term art. As in mathematics, the choosen definitions (axioms) are verified and checked upon a set of basic statements (lemmas).
-- english, deutsch, russian --
P.S. Sorry for my bad english (my german and russian are much better), so feel free to post a comment ;-)
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Introduction

Think of times you conversated with your friends, of discussions with your colleagues or simply of an article from a magazine, you have red, where the word "art" was used. Times, if them the word art read, heard or used, you also knew almost everyone, what them mine or which is meant. That means, you met a definition of the term art for itself already consciously or unconsciously.

Humans are however all different, have different education and also a different life way behind themself, which leads to the fact that everyone develops its own, unique definition of art. Everyone understands something else by it, but there is at least one, usually large overlap with the definition and the understanding of the term, because humans would not know how to exchange information, thoughts and simply talk to each other.

That is an attempt, as general as possible, to find global textuall definition for the term art in which the different ways different human definitions it and different understandings of humans can be again-reflected. The method, which is used thereby, is relative to the definition another term, which also partly finds application in mathematics.

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Definitions Around the Term Art

Here you find the main definitions around the term and/or word art.

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Object

Object
An object, of Latin objectum, is a something (consciously more near not specified), to which a human thought refers either or or supports. It is insignificant whether formal communication or Ubereinstimmung finds over the object between individuals instead of.

Under the term object becomes usually always somewhat abstrakteres, when by the term understood article. So, for example, an article is not also always an object, but an object always an article. In a certain context, e.g. depending upon field of activity or special, different more concrete definitions for the term can be met (please around understanding, if I do not specify the current or correct definition here, there I not with all these areas professionally am occupied):

Concrete definitions in some areas:

  • Colloquial language
    Article, with which somewhat occurs, "object of an action" or article of a Gebankenaustauschs.
  • Philosophy
    The subject of an activity, e.g. thinking; in contrast to the subject the object is a passive item.
  • Linguistics
    Sentence part, to which the verb refers; objectively, relative to the object, gegenstaendlich, essentially, actually.
  • Mathematics
    Term for the designation of items of a certain category or kind, e.g. a quantity, a group, a topological space etc..
  • Programming languages
    An entity, in a program to be created and within this or also within other programs as a whole be processed can (e.g. to be created, copied, shifted, or changed can).
    In object-oriented programming languages this definition is extended by the possibility, in this entity totally enclosed subroutines for the manipulation of the object you to define.

Since this text has a general universal definition of terms such as art object and art as a goal, we proceed in the further also from the universal, abstract definition of an object at the start of this paragraph, which is freely from any context and therefore free from any drawer-technical and drawers.

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Art Object

An art object is an object, which initiates and creates in a finite perod of time (where the opinion of the viewer, e.g. by a modified context of the object, does not change) different, over the purpose and understanting over the type of the object outstanding, assotiations in the mind of the viewer.

...sorry, I am not a native to english language.

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Art

The art is the process or the activity of the creating of art objects.

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Analysis of the Choosen Definition

Now it's time to make first analysis of the choosen definition and their implications.

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First Check of the Definition

Sorry, this text is a mashine translation from german...

We check the met definitions now on the basis a simple konreten example. We select a spoon as art object.

We imagine first a completely simple steel spoon, which is not reduced in such a way by production to its function that it possesses a completely simple form, any pictures, Grawuren of ider Einkaerbungen carries as well as a simple monotonous colour usual for Staht has. Silk form is not minimumistic or reduced, one detects always immediately the type of the article and its purpose. Such a spoon could come just as well from a German as also American factory. Wecche Assotiationen or thought will cause with you such a spoon? Probably no different, than that it is a spoon from steel was made and as cutlery serve can. Not times a Assitioation with the country of origin can arise. This spoon is not according to the met definition an art object and its production no art, because it does not call Assotiationen, which "over amplifier-modification-eat over the type of the object, whose purpose and the application of the object" go out.

We try to imagine another spoon now. This spoon is in such a way reduced of its From that it almost like a small pan shovel, as a small trapezoid works. From its Fabre can the material be determined not immediately: it could be Staht, an alloy or also a precious metal such as platinum or silver. On the grasp a picture is engraved, which the upper half of a beautiful woman suggest. It is scarcely dressed. It not to constitute which you makes. Because the picture possesses just as clear lines, like the form of the spoon, it can be assumed, but not with certainty that it comes from the western culture sphere of influence. The rear side of the spoon grasp carries the initials of the Erschaffers (here I would not like to take the term art yet in the mouth), which points possibly on a manual work. Which Assitiationen will cause these spoons. With me the probably following: Spoon, metal, cutlery, unknown metal, unusual form, beautiful form, secret, a picture, on which metal surface eingaviert, a woman, with few means much tells, beauty, art. This spoon is according to the met definition means Aufgen, because that it is my Assotiationen, an art object: it caused Assotiationen, which "over amplifier-modification-eat over the type of the object with me, whose purpose and the application of the object" go out. The Erschaffer of the spoon is in my eyes an artist.

Where is the boundary situated between art and Nichtkunst according to this definition? If one understands the question literally, then the response is scarce and precise: it is situated in the "eye of the viewer". Because, the one object goes with the viewer causes or also not around the Assotiationen. If with humans the perception for any objective or also subjective reasons is reduced and he sees the same with the second spoon also only, as with first, then also the second spoon is not art for it, then it is also only one utensils.

Why in the definition of the art object of a "certain period" one speaks? Sometimes the understanding of humans changes over a certain article, over a certain object with the time, e.g. by new experiences and experiences. I try to explain it times on the basis from (admitted, quite disks) an example to. We take an auto. A small child understands by it perhaps only metal.If it becomes somewhat larger, then white it, it is an auto.For a dte rodent it can be possibly still another dream. For an adult it is utensils.For a pensioner the auto is possibly an unnecessary luxury.If all even described Assosiationen experiences at the same time, then the auto for it approaches to the art article. It is not an art article, if it feels each day of one week differently, because it modifies its opinion due to of external influences. That means, I understand here by a certain period one period, where the Assotiationen Men did not change by own shift of opinion. That means it among other things also that an object does not become automatic the art object, if the current social forming of an opinion or also mode desired and makes this "beautiful", because that can itself modify already tomorrow. However also nothing speaks against it that sowas from duration can be

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Implications of the Choosen Definition

Following questions were posted on the defition page for the term art on www.wikipedia.org (endlish version, state at 28.10.2002):

  • Can somebody make art if the creation was not intended to be art?
  • Is art always a form of individual expression?
  • Will a work of art only be art once it is finished?

Theese and other questions we will answer now basing on the choosen definitions for the terms object, art object and art.

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...continued in the german version of this book

Continued in the german version of this book: Auswirkungen der Definition

Art, Beauty and Applyed Art

To be continued...

Copyright and Warranty

Copyright © 2004 by André Müller. This Object is open source. You can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the Universal General Public License (UGPL).

Here some important parts of the UGPL:

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