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This universal general public license is an analogon to other public licenses (LGPL, Mozilla public license), and is covering not only software, but the intellectual property on free objects at all, such as free text, documents, graphics, content at all, algorithms, software, general knowledge and even any kind of hardware.UGPL: Table of Contents
- UGPL TERMS AND CONDITIONS
- Main Definitions
- National Concerns
- Usage in proprietary objects
- NO WARRANTY
Version 0.9, July 2002 Copyright © 2002 by André Müller Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.
Almost all things covered by some kind of intellectual property are designed to take away your freedom to share and change it. By contrast, the Universal General Public License (UGPL) is intended to guarantee your freedom to share any kind of knowledge on objects licensed under this license and to make sure this things are free for all its users. So this Universal General Public License can be applied to free text, documents, graphics, content at all, algorithms, software, general knowledge and even any kind of hardware.
When we speak of free objects, we are referring to freedom, not price. This Universal General Public License is designed to make sure
- that you have the freedom to distribute copies of things licensed under it (and charge for this service if you wish),
- that you receive source code or something similar, or can get it if you want it,
- that you can change these things or use pieces of it in new free Objects
- and that you know you can do these things.
To protect your rights, we need to make restrictions that forbid anyone to deny you these rights or to ask you to surrender the rights. These restrictions translate to certain responsibilities for you if you distribute copies of the objects, or if you modify it.
For example, if you distribute copies of such an Object, whether gratis or for a fee, you must give the recipients all the rights that you have. You must make sure that they, too, receive or can get the source code. And you must show them these terms so they know their rights.
We protect your rights with two steps: copyright the object or the knowledge to build the Object, and offer you this license which gives you legal permission to build, copy, distribute and/or modify it.
Also, for each author's protection and ours, we want to make certain that everyone understands that there is no warranty for this free object. If the object is modified by someone else and passed on, we want its recipients to know that what they have is not the original, so that any problems introduced by others will not reflect on the original authors' reputations.
Finally, any free Object is threatened constantly by patents. We wish to avoid the danger that redistributors of a free program will individually obtain patent licenses, in effect making the program proprietary. To prevent this, we have made it clear that any patent must be licensed for everyone's free use or not licensed at all.
The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and modification follow.
- Main Definitions
The following definitions are used, when speaking of objects, source code and activities in this license:
- Source Code
- Covered Activities
Objects, in the means of this license, are any material and nonmaterial things, which can be covered by copyright, a patent or any other kind of intellectual property.
This License applies to any object or other work, which contains a notice placed by the copyright and/or patent holder saying it may be distributed under the terms of this Universal General Public License. The "Object", below, refers to any object or work, and a "work based on the object" means either the object or any derivative work under copyright and/or patent law: that is to say, a work containing the object or a portion of it, either verbatim or with modifications and/or translated into another language. (Hereinafter, translation is included without limitation in the term "modification".) Each licensee is addressed as "you".
The term "source code" means machine-readable or human-readable knowledge and/or full description how to build and to copy the object meant abowe.
Since the object is not only software or text in the means of this license, the word "copying" is used for any activity to make or create new objects, such us copying, manyfacturing or broadcasting of objects covered by this license.
Activities other than building, copying, distribution and modification are not covered by this License; they are outside its scope. The act of using the object is not restricted, and the output from an object is covered only if its contents constitute a work based on the object (independent of having been made by using the object). Whether that is true depends on what the object does.
You may build, copy and distribute verbatim copies of the object as you receive it, in any medium, provided that you conspicuously and appropriately publish on each copy an appropriate copyright notice and disclaimer of warranty; keep intact all the notices that refer to this License and to the absence of any warranty; and give any other recipients of the object a copy of this License along with the object itself.
You may charge a fee for the physical act building an object or of transferring a copy, and you may at your option offer warranty protection in exchange for a fee.
You may modify your copy or copies of the object or any portion of it, thus forming a work based on the object, and copy and distribute such modifications or work under the terms of Section 2 above, provided that you also meet all of these conditions:
- You must reproduce the original copyright and licensing statement of the copy or copies of the object your have modified.
- Additionally you must cause the modified files to carry prominent notices stating that you changed the files and the date of any change.
You must cause any work that you distribute or publish, that in
whole or in part contains or is derived from the object or any
part thereof, to be licensed as a whole at no charge to all third
parties under the terms of this License.
- If the modified object normally receives commands interactively when run, you must cause it, when started running for such interactive use in the most ordinary way, to print or display an announcement including an appropriate copyright notice and a notice that there is no warranty (or else, saying that you provide a warranty) and that users may redistribute the program under these conditions, and telling the user how to view a copy of this License. (Exception: if the object itself is interactive but does not normally print such an announcement, your work based on the object is not required to print an announcement.)
These requirements apply to the modified work as a whole. If identifiable sections or subobjects of that work are not derived from the object, and can be reasonably considered independent and separate works in themselves, then this License, and its terms, do not apply to those sections.
The work of arrangement of the object whith other, not derived from this object, objects is considered as separate work too, when the object is used "as a blackbox". We speak of usage as a blackbox, when the object is included in its materialized form (not source code), only the official or native to the object interface is used and the the object is included into the whole without any modification. In this case the arrangement must carry a prominent notice stating that you are using an object licensed under the terms of this license. If you distribute or copy such an arrangement the terms of section 4 are apllyed to the used object.
But when you distribute the same objects as a part of a whole which is a work based on the object, the distribution of the whole must be on the terms of this license, whose permissions for other licensees extend to the entire whole, and thus to each an every part regardless of who created it. This is the case too, if you are including a part of the source code of an object licensed under the UGPL into other source code and then create the new complex object from the so increaced source code.
Thus, it is not the intent of this section to claim rights or contest your rights to work written entirely by you; rather, the intent is to exercise the right to control the distribution of derivative or collective works based on the object.
In addition, mere aggregation of another work not based on the object with the object (or with a work based on the object) on a volume of a storage or distribution medium does not bring the other work under the scope of this License.
You may copy and distribute the object (or a work based on it, under Section 3) in his physical form under the terms of Sections 2 and 3 above provided that you also do one of the following:
- Accompany it with the complete corresponding machine-readable or human-readable source code (that means the knowledge how to build and to copy the Object), which must be distributed under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above on a medium customarily used for knowledge interchange; or,
- Accompany it with a written offer, valid for at least three years, to give any third party, for a charge no more than your cost of physically performing source distribution, a complete machine-readable or human-readable copy of the corresponding source code (that means the knowledge how to build and to copy the Object), to be distributed under the terms of Sections 2 and 3 above on a medium customarily used for knowledge interchange; or,
- Accompany it with the information you received as to the offer to distribute corresponding source code (that means the knowledge how to build and to copy the Object). (This alternative is allowed only for noncommercial distribution and only if you received the program in Object code or executable form with such an offer, in accord with subsection above.)
The source code for a work means the preferred form of the work for making modifications to it. For an software executable work, complete source code means all the source code for all modules it contains, plus any associated interface definition files, plus the scripts used to control compilation and installation of the executable. However, as a special exception, the source code distributed need not include anything that is normally distributed (in either source or binary form) with the major components (compiler, kernel, and so on) of the operating system on which the executable runs, unless that component itself accompanies the executable.
If distribution of the source code of an Object is made by offering access to copy from a designated place, then offering equivalent access to copy the source code from the same place counts as distribution of the source code, even though third parties are not compelled to copy the source along with the objects source code.
You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Object except as expressly provided under this License. Any attempt otherwise to copy, modify, sublicense or distribute the object is void, and will automatically terminate your rights under this License. However, parties who have received copies, or rights, from you under this License will not have their licenses terminated so long as such parties remain in full compliance.
You are not required to accept this License, since you have not signed it. However, nothing else grants you permission to modify or distribute the Object or its derivative works. These actions are prohibited by law if you do not accept this License. Therefore, by modifying or distributing the Program (or any work based on the object), you indicate your acceptance of this License to do so, and all its terms and conditions for copying, distributing or modifying the Program or works based on it.
Each time you redistribute the Object (or any work based on the object), the recipient automatically receives a license from the original licensor to copy, distribute or modify the Program subject to these terms and conditions. You may not impose any further restrictions on the recipients' exercise of the rights granted herein. You are not responsible for enforcing compliance by third parties to this License.
If any part of this license is found to be unenforceable in any jurisdiction, the remaining portions of the license remain in force.
If, as a consequence of a court judgment or allegation of patent infringement or for any other reason (not limited to patent issues), conditions are imposed on you (whether by court order, agreement or otherwise) that contradict the conditions of this License, they do not excuse you from the conditions of this License. If you cannot distribute so as to satisfy simultaneously your obligations under this License and any other pertinent obligations, then as a consequence you may not distribute the Program at all. For example, if a patent license would not permit royalty-free redistribution of the Object by all those who receive copies directly or indirectly through you, then the only way you could satisfy both it and this License would be to refrain entirely from distribution of the Program.
If any portion of this section is held invalid or unenforceable under any particular circumstance, the balance of the section is intended to apply and the section as a whole is intended to apply in other circumstances.
It is not the purpose of this section to induce you to infringe any patents or other property right claims or to contest validity of any such claims; this section has the sole purpose of protecting the integrity of the free software distribution system, which is implemented by public license practices. Many people have made generous contributions to the wide range of software distributed through that system in reliance on consistent application of that system; it is up to the author/donor to decide if he or she is willing to distribute software through any other system and a licensee cannot impose that choice.
This section is intended to make thoroughly clear what is believed to be a consequence of the rest of this License.
If the distribution and/or use of the Object is restricted in certain countries either by patents or by copyrighted interfaces, the original copyright holder who places the Object under this License may add an explicit geographical distribution limitation excluding those countries, so that distribution is permitted only in or among countries not thus excluded. In such case, this License incorporates the limitation as if written in the body of this License.
The Author may publish revised and/or new versions of the Universal General Public License from time to time. Such new versions will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may differ in detail to address new problems or concerns.
Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If the Object specifies a version number of this License which applies to it and "any later version", you have the option of following the terms and conditions either of that version or of any later version published by the Free Software Foundation. If the Object does not specify a version number of this License, you may choose any version ever published by the Author.
If you wish to incorporate parts of the object into other objects whose distribution conditions are different, write to the author to ask for permission. For objects which are copyrighted by the Free Software Foundation, write to the Free Software Foundation; them sometimes make exceptions for this. Their decision will be guided by the two goals of preserving the free status of all derivatives of their free software and of promoting the sharing and reuse of software generally.
In general, there must be no problems to incorporate UGPL objects into software covered by the General Public License (GPL) from Free Software Foundation, but uncluding GPL software into other software and releasing the whole under the terms of this license may be or is restricted by the GPL.
USAGE BECAUSE THE OBJECT IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO WARRANTY FOR THE OBJECT, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE PROGRAM "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE OBJECT IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE OBJECT PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR OR CORRECTION.
DAMAGES AND LOSSES IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY MODIFY AND/OR REDISTRIBUTE THE OBJECT AS PERMITTED ABOVE, BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE OBJECT (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSSES OF MONEY AND/OR INVESTMENTS OR INPUT BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE OBJECT TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER OBJECT), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
- Creating new Objects licensed under the UGPL
If you design a new object or develop a new programm, and you want it to be of the greatest possible use to the public, the best way to achieve this is to make it free so everyone can redistribute and change under these terms.
To do so, attach the following notices to the object. It is safest to attach them to the start of each source code file to most effectively convey the exclusion of warranty; and each file should have at least the "copyright" line and a pointer to where the full notice is found.
One line with objects name and an short description of what it is or does. Copyright (C) yyyy name of author This Object is free; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the Universal General Public License as published by the Author; either the latest version of the License, or (at your option) any later version. This object is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the Universal Generel Public License for more details. You should have received a copy of the Universal General Public License along with this Object; if not, take a short message to the author.
Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail.
If the Object is interactive, make it output the copyright notice above too.
You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or your school, if any, to sign a "intellectual property disclaimer" for the object, if necessary. Here is a sample; alter the names:
Yoyodyne, Inc., hereby disclaims all intellectual property interest in the 'object type' 'Name of the Object' created by James Hacker. signature of Ty Coon, 1 April 1989 Ty Coon, President of Vice
If you modify an object licensed under the UGPL you must to add a prominent notice stating that you changed the object and/or its source code and the date of any change. Put the following statement therefore after the original copyright statement and the before the license statement:
Date of the release (change) and a short description of what was changed. Modification Copyright (C) yyyy your name
The full copyright and license statemend will look then like this:
One line with objects name and an short description of what it does. Copyright (C) yyyy name of author DD.MM.YYYY, added support for XYZ. Modification Copyright (C) yyyy your name This Object is free; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the Universal General Public License as published by the Author; either the latest version of the License, or (at your option) any later version. This object is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the Universal Generel Public License for more details. You should have received a copy of the Universal General Public License along with this Object; if not, take a short message to the author.
This Universal General Public License does permit incorporating your object into proprietary complex objects (arrangements of objects) under the conditions of section 3 of this license.
In this case make the following notice of the usage of an UGPL licensed object:
This complex object is using an object licensed under the terms and conditions of the Universal General Public License (UGPL), see the following copyright ans license statements. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ One line with the name of the UGPL object and an short description of what it does. Copyright (C) yyyy name of author -- when modifyed: list of changes and copyright notices: DD.MM.YYYY, added support for XYZ. Modification Copyright (C) yyyy your name This Object is free; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the Universal General Public License as published by the Author; either the latest version of the License, or (at your option) any later version. This object is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the Universal Generel Public License for more details. You should have received a copy of the Universal General Public License along with this Object; if not, take a short message to the author. -------------------------------------------------------------------------Copyright © 2002, Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but changing it is not allowed. -- END OF THE LICENSE --